With the threat of cyberattacks looming over everyone in the IT industry, it’s increasingly important to understand the basics of cybersecurity compliance. In this guide, we’ll cover how you can protect your devices and data from unauthorized access, as well as how to be prepared for the worst-case scenario.
A no-nonsense guide to Cybersecurity Compliance
Any device that can connect to the internet can be hacked. Did you know that there is a hacker attack every 39 seconds? In addition, 66% of companies affected by cyber attacks were unsure of their ability to recover.
The threat of cybercrime is constantly evolving and the more sophisticated hackers become, the more businesses are ruined by cybercrime.
For all these reasons, cybersecurity compliance exists. If you run a business, it’s important to protect yourself from cyber attacks. But what can you do to ensure cyber security compliance?
Find out everything you need to know about compliance and cybersecurity in this simple guide.
What is cybersecurity compliance?
Cybersecurity compliance involves adherence to a specific set of controls, usually prescribed by law or by a regulatory authority. These measures serve to protect the data.
Requirements can vary by industry, although they generally use a range of processes and technologies to ensure data security.
These controls are derived from various sources, including compliance with NIST 800 171.
Define the data you want to protect
The first step in implementing a cyber security and compliance policy is determining exactly what you need to protect.
Many regulations make certain data subject to control. Personally identifiable information (PII) is one such document that must be verified. Here are some examples of intellectual property rights:
- Full name
- Date of birth
- Citizen service number
- Mother’s maiden name
With this information it is possible to identify the person.
If you work in healthcare, you need to think about personal health information (PHI). This may include:
- Previous article
- Accreditation documents
- History of the recipe
- History of the terms
- Insurance documents
All this data must be protected from falling into the wrong hands.
Identify the areas that are relevant to your industry
There are different types of compliance, and the state you are in may also have its own specific laws.
It is important that you know all the laws and regulations that apply to your business.
For example, health care companies and companies that work with health insurance data must comply with HIPAA regulations.
The NYDFS and the California Consumer Privacy Act have rules that may apply to your business in each state.
Appoint someone to be responsible for your internet security
The first thing you need to do is designate someone in your company to be responsible for cyber security and compliance.
If you have a small business, the person in this position can double their responsibilities. It could be your IT manager or your CIO. This person is responsible for liaising with the relevant authorities to understand the specific compliance requirements.
Get the right support
Since cybercrime is a significant risk, it is important that you have adequate support. You can seek outside help in the form of a managed care provider.
The managed service provider offers 24/7 support, system monitoring and regular compliance checks. If you need to comply with certain regulations, such as HIPAA, choose a specialized IT company that only works with companies in your area.
Conducting a risk assessment
Almost all cybersecurity regulations require you to conduct a comprehensive risk assessment of your IT systems. This helps to identify areas where weaknesses may occur.
Following the risk assessment, checks should be carried out on the basis of the recommendations.
Performance of technical checks
Conducting a risk assessment will give you a better understanding of the threats you face and where your hotspots are. Some controls you may need to install are:
- Install firewalls on all devices
- Install antivirus software everywhere
- Encryption of confidential data
- Installation services of network monitoring software
You can then proceed to implement these measures.
Implementation of policies and procedures
Cyber security isn’t just about the technology, it’s also about the people who use the devices and data you want to protect. To achieve this, you need to develop policies and procedures that mitigate risk.
You can have the best cyber security in the world, but if one of your employees is careless, negligent, or unaware of phishing scams, they could download malware that could put your entire company at risk.
Here are some examples of policies and procedures you may want to implement:
- Provide comprehensive cyber security training to all employees.
- Fully document policies and procedures so that everyone is aware of them.
- Conduct a full audit and hold your team accountable for their actions.
- CISO objective
- Conduct regular cybersecurity risk assessments.
After implementation, you should monitor the effectiveness of these policies and procedures.
Testing and verification
You should ensure that the controls are tested regularly to check that they meet your requirements.
As your business grows, it can be easy to overlook certain aspects of cybersecurity compliance. It is very important that you constantly monitor compliance and keep abreast of all changes in your industry.
If at any time you are unsure whether you can meet the legal requirements, it is advisable to seek the help of a cyber security expert.
Ensure cyber security compliance in your organization
Obtaining a cybersecurity certification should be the goal of every business.
If you want to make sure you don’t become the next victim of cybercrime, you need to conduct regular cyber security risk assessments and compliance checks.
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